Sexual Victimization as Reported by Adult Correctional Authorities

Sexual Victimization as Reported by Adult Correctional Authorities


Inmate-on-inmate or youth-on-youth sexual victimization involves sexual contact with a victim without his or her consent or with a victim who cannot consent or refuse.

Nonconsensual sexual acts are the most serious victimizations, and include-

  • contact between the penis and the vagina or the penis and the anus, including penetration, however slight
  • contact between the mouth and the penis, vagina, or anus
  • penetration of the anal or genital opening of another person by a hand, finger, or other object.

Abusive sexual contacts are less serious victimizations, and include-

  • intentional touching, either directly or through clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person
  • incidents in which the intent was to sexually exploit (rather than to harm or debilitate).

Staff-on-inmate or staff-on-youth sexual victimization includes both consensual and nonconsensual acts perpetrated on an inmate by staff. Staff includes an employee, volunteer, contractor, official visitor, or other agency representative. Family, friends, and other visitors are excluded.

Staff sexual misconduct includes any act or behavior of a sexual nature directed toward an inmate by staff, including romantic relationships. Such acts include-

  • intentional touching of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks with the intent to abuse, arouse, or gratify sexual desire
  • completed, attempted, threatened, or requested sexual acts, occurrences of indecent exposure, invasion of privacy, or staff voyeurism for sexual gratification.

Staff sexual harassment includes repeated verbal statements or comments of a sexual nature to an inmate by staff. Such statements include-

  • demeaning references to an inmate’s sex or derogatory comments about his or her body or clothing
  • repeated profane or obscene language or gestures.